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  • Boholm, Max, 1982- (författare)
  • The semantic field of risk
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Safety Science. - 0925-7535. ; 92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A recurring theoretical focus in risk and safety research is the analysis of certain concepts of special interest (e.g. the concepts of risk, safety, and hazard) and how they are related. Together, related concepts form networks sometimes referred to as ‘semantic fields’. In this paper, the semantic field of risk is identified and analysed. Based on dictionaries, thesauri, and other lexicological resources, 244 words related to the concept of risk are identified. These words are classified into 25 specific categories based on their type of semantic relationship to the risk concept. Based on this semantic field analysis, three implications for risk and safety research are discussed: (i) the merit of an extensive and general overview of a conceptual field (previously subject to only partial and scattered treatment) for future analysis, (ii) methodological consequences for the study of social processes addressing risk and safety issues, and (iii) the opportunity for cross-cultural comparison.
  • Boholm, Åsa, 1953-, et al. (författare)
  • Experts’ understandings of drinking water risk management in a climate change scenario
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Climate Risk Management. - 2212-0963. ; 16, s. 133-144
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The challenges for society presented by climate change are complex and demanding. This paper focuses on one particular resource of utmost necessity and vulnerability to climate change: namely, the provisioning of safe drinking water. From a critical perspective on the role of expertise in risk debates, this paper looks at how Swedish experts understand risk to drinking water in a climate change scenario and how they reason about challenges to risk management and adaptation strategies. The empirical material derives from ten in-depth semi-structured interviews with experts, employed both at government agencies and at universities, and with disciplinary backgrounds in a variety of fields (water engineering, planning, geology and environmental chemistry). The experts understand risk factors affecting both drinking water quality and availability as complex and systemically interrelated. A lack of political saliency of drinking water as a public service is identified as an obstacle to the development of robust adaptation strategies. Another area of concern relates to the geographical, organizational and institutional boundaries (regulatory, political and epistemological) between the plethora of public actors with partly overlapping and sometimes unclear responsibilities for the provisioning of safe drinking water. The study concludes that climate change adaptation regarding drinking water provisioning will require a new integration of the knowledge of systemic risk relations, in combination with more efficient agency collaboration based on a clear demarcation of responsibility between actors.
  • Corvellec, Hervé, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Barbara Czarniawska. Organizational change: Fashions, Institutions and Translations
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Szabla, David B., Pasmore, William A., Barnes, Mary A., & Gipson, Asha N. (eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of Organizational Change Thinkers. - Springer International Publishing. - 978-3-319-49820-1
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Combining neo-institutionalism, actor network theory, and Gabriel Tarde’s sociology, Czarniawska considers the key driver of organizational change to be imitation but an imitation that rests on translation. Organizations emulate one another by translating fashionable ideas according to their understanding, traditions, needs, and means. As translation in this tradition always entails a transformation of the translated idea or object, unexpected consequences will be expected. She does not consider these consequences to be necessarily negative; however, because if stabilized and institutionalized, unintended change can turn out to be as positive as planned change. A further strength of Czarniawska’s is her ability to provide methodological tools that follow the translation processes for change: organizational ethnographies, narrative methodology, and shadowing.
  • Czarniawska, Barbara, 1948- (författare)
  • Actor-Network Theory
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Langley, Ann & Tsoukas, Haridimos (red.) The SAGE handbook of process organization studies.. - London : Sage. - 9781446297018
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Czarniawska, Barbara, 1948- (författare)
  • Bruno Latour and Niklas Luhmann as organization theorists
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Management Journal. - 0263-2373. ; 35:2, s. 145-150
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2017 Elsevier LtdBruno Latour and Niklas Luhmann are two authors who, not being management and organization scholars, have had a significant impact on MOS studies. Their works are even more appreciated in time, yet their influence has not crossed the Atlantic. The texts of the two authors, and the predecessor they evoke, demarcate a truly European development of management and organization theory.
  • Czarniawska, Barbara, 1948- (författare)
  • Organization studies as symmetrical ethnology
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Organizational Ethnography. - 20466749 .- 20466757. ; 6:1, s. 2-10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited.Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to challenge some of the taken for granted assumptions of contemporary ethnographic practice by exploring reasons for fieldwork and the debt that is owed to those in the field. Design/methodology/approach: Exploring traditional and contemporary reasons for fieldwork and comparing ostensive and performative styles of reporting organization studies. Findings: The argument is that traditional ethnographic approaches do not fit contemporary organizing practices. In their place, a “symmetrical ethnology” is proposed. Research limitations/implications: More reflective use of labels and terms. Practical implications: Better communication with practitioners. Social implications: Better dialogue with wider circles. Originality/value: An important and timely critique of ethnography together with a reformulation and a number of suggestions for future practice.
  • Liff, Roy, 1951-, et al. (författare)
  • Failed crisis communication: The Northern Rock Bank case
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal. - 0951-3574.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract Purpose: Although granted funding from government agencies, Britain’s Northern Rock (NR) Bank experienced a depositors’ bank run in 2007. This study explores bank managers’ and the Triparties’ communications, in their failed attempt to reassure depositors during the crisis. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on content analysis of information given to depositors by bank managers and the Triparties via mass media. The theoretical concepts of rituals and masking were utilized. Findings: Results suggest that nonfinancial reporting supersedes financial reporting. Rather than hidden losses, bank regulators’ and politicians’ discussions of emergency funding for NR was the crucial incident signaling “something going on”. Even positive statements by prominent organizational actors may have signaled serious problems that compromised NR’s “business as usual” stance. Practical implications: Collective action manifested in a bank run is triggered by reasons other than numbers in financial reporting. The research results indicate a need to consider how regulatory authorities act during financial crises. Originality/value: Previous studies concluded that sensegivers must be consistent in framing communication to sensemakers. Sensemaking requires that the crisis communication is also consistent in the sensemakers’ framing. Because it is difficult for sensegivers to reshape the collective sensemakers’ frame, successful crisis communication requires that sensegivers change their comummication to match the sensemakers’ frame, including symbolic actions. Additionally, a bank run is characterized first by loss of trust in financial reporting; second, in nonfinancial reporting; and, finally, in the sensegiving actor: a domino effect.
  • Liff, Roy, 1951-, et al. (författare)
  • Managers' assessment of thin and thick trust: The importance of benevolence in interbank relations
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management. - 0956-5221.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This qualitative interview study investigates managers’ ongoing relationships in inter-organisational banks, examining how they assess trust in their counterparts and how they decide if the relationship should continue. In normal times, formal information can assess thin trust – the ability and integrity of their counterparts. In times of impending crisis, senior bank managers rely on the evaluation of thick personal trust: benevolence. To be a trustworthy party in a financial crisis, benevolence must be established between counterpart banks before the crisis. Benevolence is a redundant component of trust in normal times, but extremely important during a crisis. Lack of benevolence established in normal times may, in fact, be at least partially responsible for the fragility of interfirm agreements and alliances.
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