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  • Resultat 1-10 av 1879
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  • Boholm, Max, 1982- (författare)
  • How do Swedish Government agencies define risk?
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Risk Research. - 1366-9877.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study is guided by two research questions: first, how is the word risk defined by Swedish Government agencies and, second, do these agencies use the word risk consistently with how it is defined? These questions are answered by first selecting relevant agencies and then systematically searching for definitions of risk on these agencies’ websites. The study demonstrates that risk is defined in 14 ways, many of which vaguely express the idea that risk is the probability of an unwanted event multiplied by some measure of its consequences. The study also demonstrates that agencies often define risk in ways that are inconsistent with how they use the term (i.e. over and above how it is defined). The findings are discussed in light of normative desiderata for effective risk communication and risk management. The paper concludes with six recommendations for improving definitions of risk used by public agencies.
  • Brorström, Sara, 1982- (författare)
  • How numbers of the future are shaping today: The role of forecasts and calculations in public sector strategic thinking
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Financial Accountability and Management. - 0267-4424 .- 1468-0408. ; 34:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article examines the role of numbers in forming a city strategy in the case of Gothenburg, Sweden. The article illustrates how numbers make people act and react and shape the strategy process. The study is situated between the theoretical fields of accounting and strategy processes in cities. By relating them to the concept of ‘governmentality’, numbers are seen as helping render the city governable. Because strategizing is seen as concerning the future, the actors involved in drafting the strategy feel free to challenge historically institutionalized practices. The effect is paradoxical: the future-looking strategy process becomes a forum for solving current problems.
  • Czarniawska, Barbara, 1948- (författare)
  • Fieldwork Techniques for Our Times: Shadowing
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Qualitative Methodologies in Organization Studies, Vol. II: Methods and possibilities. - London : Palgrave Macmillan. - 978-3-319-65442-3 ; 53–74
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter contains a description and a discussion of a fieldwork technique suitable for what can be called a mobile ethnology – using fieldwork techniques that allow one to capture the ways of living and working of people who are quickly moving from one place to another and use the modern means of communication.
  • Czarniawska, Barbara, 1948- (författare)
  • Is it possible to study anxiety in organizations?
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Culture and Organization. - 14759551 .- 14772760. ; 24:2, s. 171-178
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Anxiety has been traditionally studied by asking people to describe their emotions, or by deducing their emotions from their observable behavior. Such methods are, however, ethically doubtful in case of organization studies. Organization scholars do not have a moral right to ask people about their emotions. Further, there is no guarantee that people who were asked describe their emotions correctly. Even more uncertain is the idea of deducing emotions from behavior observed. There are at least two methods permitting to avoid these problems: Eliciting narratives, which permits to study a rhetoric of emotions, and analyzing descriptions of emotion in the literature (including fiction). It is this latter approach that has been used in this paper.
  • Liff, Roy, 1951-, et al. (författare)
  • Usefulness of Enterprise Risk Management in two banks
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management/Emerald. - 1176-6093.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose is to investigate how the management control system, the bank’s control package, influences opinion about the usefulness of risk measurement (RM) in different control contexts before and after a financial crisis, in order to understand what influences the usefulness of Enterprise RM (ERM) manifested in RM. The study is based on semi-structured interviews in 2000–2010, with senior bank managers of two international banks (Bank A and Bank B) – both ranking among the top 100 in the world, but differing structurally and culturally. The two banks took opposite trajectories. Bank A went from high to low expectations of usefulness; Bank B went from low to high expectations. The different attitudes towards RM exhibited by Bank A and Bank B are explained by differences in their control packages, manifested by technocratic control and socio-ideology. This study reveals that there are not merely different degrees of RM usage in the two banks, but that they also show two diverting trajectories. Given this finding, the significance of the organization structure and its control packages (especially the alignment between these two factors) is analysed to find a plausible explanation for the different experiences of senior managers towards the usefulness of RM. This study contributes to ERM research and to the contingency theory of management accounting.
  • Rovio-Johansson, Airi, 1939- (författare)
  • Experiences of practice-based learning in phenomenographic perspective
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Workplace Learning. - 1366-5626. ; 30:1, s. 48-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose This study examines, within the context of professional practice and learning, how designers collaboratively working in international teams experience practice-based learning and how such occasions contribute to professional development. Design/methodology/approach The paper introduces the Cooperation Project between TTC-Furntech and its workshop context organized as practice-based learning. Participants’ learning context consisted of a mixture of professional practices allowing different logics and different cultures make up an innovative working site. Qualitative analysis of semi-structured interview data suggest that three phenomenographic hierarchical categories constitute the learning process; (a) getting a recognised professional identity; (b) perceiving new elements and expanding knowledge; (c) seeing new aspects of design work and new steps of development in profession. Findings Cooperative practice-based learning is understood as social practice in a community of practice, and as continuous changes of the learning object due to that new aspects are discerned by the learners. These categories illustrate how participants’ meaning making and understanding of the learning object, were expressed in cooperation as doings and sayings, as translation, and as situated activities in a community of practice. Accordingly, it contributed to participants’ professional development in spite of their different professional educations and professional experiences. Practical implications More studies of practice-based learning environments in work places are needed that could help societies and companies to advance integrative efforts of new employees and new immigrants into an increasingly diverse globalized labour market. Originality/value The results suggest that understanding as well as content structure and meaning making of the learning object are intertwined constituent aspects of practice-based learning.
  • Thomasson, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Translating sustainable and smart city strategies into performance measurement systems
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Public Money & Management. - 0954-0962. ; 38:3, s. 193-202
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper shows how sustainable and smart strategies can be implemented in cities and how these strategies influence, and are influenced by, performance measurement systems. Drawing upon the Foucauldian notion of governmentality, the authors present the case of Gothenburg in Sweden, where they interviewed the key actors involved in a new sustainability strategy. Translating strategy into performance measurement systems requires collaboration across organizational boundaries and considerations of financial goals and social and human aspects.
  • Aijmer, Göran, 1936- (författare)
  • Ancestral Force in Iconic Imagery: Death and Continuance in a South China Village
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Chinese Religions. - 0737-769X. ; 45:2, s. 151-171
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This essay discusses idioms of continuance in a village in southeast China, based on what was recorded some one hundred years ago by an American sociologist, Daniel Harrison Kulp II, and his research team. This discussion is focused on the cult of the dead with a bearing on the construction of a powerful past influencing the building of a future, in terms of both agricultural production and the creation of new children. The discussion suggests that the iconic imagery of ancestral force as propelling the vegetative power of the earth was transformed here along with certain changes in the productive order, while the social aspect of the dead as constructors of the future lineage community remained conservatively intact, despite some dramatic innovations in the operational order. It also suggests that the strong canopy of agnatic ideology expressed in the cult of the dead found a counterpoint in a local temple.
  • Boholm, Max, 1982- (författare)
  • The semantic field of risk
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Safety Science. - 0925-7535. ; 92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A recurring theoretical focus in risk and safety research is the analysis of certain concepts of special interest (e.g. the concepts of risk, safety, and hazard) and how they are related. Together, related concepts form networks sometimes referred to as ‘semantic fields’. In this paper, the semantic field of risk is identified and analysed. Based on dictionaries, thesauri, and other lexicological resources, 244 words related to the concept of risk are identified. These words are classified into 25 specific categories based on their type of semantic relationship to the risk concept. Based on this semantic field analysis, three implications for risk and safety research are discussed: (i) the merit of an extensive and general overview of a conceptual field (previously subject to only partial and scattered treatment) for future analysis, (ii) methodological consequences for the study of social processes addressing risk and safety issues, and (iii) the opportunity for cross-cultural comparison.
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