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  • Resultat 1-10 av 1894
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1.
  • Aijmer, Göran, 1936- (författare)
  • Ancestors on high: musings on an east china case
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford. - 2040-1876. ; x:1, s. 61-82
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The focus of this article is on the conventions of ancestor worship in the province of Jiangsu, directing light on certain ethnographic data that do not accord with the general, synthesized sociological picture established for southern China. Exploring Myron L. Cohen’s 1990 field data, together with what is known from elsewhere in the province, the tentative discussion in this article concerns the nature of ancestry and the construction of social continuity in a local society with its roots in rice-farming. Here ancestor worship as a cultural grammar takes the form of a pragmatic variation, the search for blessings (continuity) being strongly contrasted with the avoidance of implied malevolence (discontinuity). It is further suggested that ancestry and divinity are interacting iconic forces in the stream of social life.
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2.
  • Boholm, Max, 1982- (författare)
  • How do Swedish Government agencies define risk?
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Risk Research. - 1366-9877.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study is guided by two research questions: first, how is the word risk defined by Swedish Government agencies and, second, do these agencies use the word risk consistently with how it is defined? These questions are answered by first selecting relevant agencies and then systematically searching for definitions of risk on these agencies’ websites. The study demonstrates that risk is defined in 14 ways, many of which vaguely express the idea that risk is the probability of an unwanted event multiplied by some measure of its consequences. The study also demonstrates that agencies often define risk in ways that are inconsistent with how they use the term (i.e. over and above how it is defined). The findings are discussed in light of normative desiderata for effective risk communication and risk management. The paper concludes with six recommendations for improving definitions of risk used by public agencies.
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3.
  • Boholm, Max, 1982- (författare)
  • Risk association: towards a linguistically informed framework for analysing risk in discourse
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Risk Research. - 1366-9877. ; 21:4, s. 480-501
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article addresses a fundamental feature of risk discourse, namely, risk association, defined as the process whereby an agent establishes a connection between something, x, and the notion of risk. In addition, risk association can be defined as the result of such a process, i.e. an established connection between x and risk. A special case of risk association is when x is linked to harmful properties and thus is represented as a risk. Although fundamental to any analysis of socio-cognitive attention to risks, the process of risk association is often taken for granted in risk research. A layered model of risk association is presented taking linguistic practices, i.e. the use of words, as the point of departure. Accordingly, there are both central and more peripheral means of risk association. The central means include the morpheme ‘risk’. More peripheral means of risk association are close synonyms and antonyms of risk (e.g. ‘hazard’, ‘danger’, ‘safety’ and ‘security’) and other related words (e.g. ‘crisis’, ‘protection’ and ‘threat’). For an illustration, the model is applied to an empirical example: the instructions for Swedish government agencies. The example illustrates how the exact vocabulary considered for operationalization in analysis has important consequences for the conclusions that follow with respect to the extent to which government agencies are associated with risk.
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4.
  • Brorström, Sara, 1982- (författare)
  • How numbers of the future are shaping today: The role of forecasts and calculations in public sector strategic thinking
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Financial Accountability and Management. - 0267-4424 .- 1468-0408. ; 34:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article examines the role of numbers in forming a city strategy in the case of Gothenburg, Sweden. The article illustrates how numbers make people act and react and shape the strategy process. The study is situated between the theoretical fields of accounting and strategy processes in cities. By relating them to the concept of ‘governmentality’, numbers are seen as helping render the city governable. Because strategizing is seen as concerning the future, the actors involved in drafting the strategy feel free to challenge historically institutionalized practices. The effect is paradoxical: the future-looking strategy process becomes a forum for solving current problems.
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5.
  • Corvellec, Hervé, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Acting on distances: A topology of accounting inscriptions
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Accounting, Organizations and Society. - 0361-3682. ; 67:May, s. 56-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Following on the reiterated claim that accounting inscriptions make action at a distance possible, we draw on post-mathematical topology to explain that this distance work is dependent on inscriptions acting on distances. By adopting a relational understanding of space, we show that accounting inscriptions by themselves create the distances across which they operate. Our case study uses pay-as-youthrow solid waste-collection invoices in a new waste-collection program aimed at increasing the sustainability of waste management. By displaying weight and cost side by side, these invoices conduct topological operations that dissolve, create, and redefine the distance between people and their waste, between the economy and the environment, and between the city and its residents. The ability of these operations to mobilize a sense of environmental responsibility, enroll residents in the city's plans for sustainability, and translate political ambitions into individual behavior demonstrates that the performativity of accounting inscriptions resides in the efficacy of their distance work.v
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6.
  • Czarniawska, Barbara, 1948- (författare)
  • A Culture of Costs versus A Culture of Expenses
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Valuation Studies. - 2001-5992. ; 5:2, s. 131-144
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • When there is money spent on products of culture, are those costs or expenses? An answer to that question may be of importance not only to accountants and auditors, and it can vary among cultures. This article compares the way the issue is presented by two fiction writers, one Swedish and one British.
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7.
  • Czarniawska, Barbara, 1948- (författare)
  • Fieldwork Techniques for Our Times: Shadowing
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Qualitative Methodologies in Organization Studies, Vol. II: Methods and possibilities. - London : Palgrave Macmillan. - 978-3-319-65442-3 ; 53–74
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter contains a description and a discussion of a fieldwork technique suitable for what can be called a mobile ethnology – using fieldwork techniques that allow one to capture the ways of living and working of people who are quickly moving from one place to another and use the modern means of communication.
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8.
  • Czarniawska, Barbara, 1948-, et al. (författare)
  • Gendered references in organization studies
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management. - 1746-5648. ; 13:2, s. 196-200
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose The purpose of this paper is to point out a worrisome phenomenon and suggest some ways of dealing with it. Design/methodology/approach The paper is a historical analysis of references in organization studies. Findings The finding of this paper concludes that the proportion of women authors is low and is increasing very slowly. Research limitations/implications Some simple solutions may be applied, even if they alone will not solve the problem. Practical implications An appeal to use first name on reference lists and in texts (when appropriate). Social implications Better recognition of women's contribution to knowledge.
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9.
  • Czarniawska, Barbara, 1948- (författare)
  • Is it possible to study anxiety in organizations?
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Culture and Organization. - 14759551 .- 14772760. ; 24:2, s. 171-178
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Anxiety has been traditionally studied by asking people to describe their emotions, or by deducing their emotions from their observable behavior. Such methods are, however, ethically doubtful in case of organization studies. Organization scholars do not have a moral right to ask people about their emotions. Further, there is no guarantee that people who were asked describe their emotions correctly. Even more uncertain is the idea of deducing emotions from behavior observed. There are at least two methods permitting to avoid these problems: Eliciting narratives, which permits to study a rhetoric of emotions, and analyzing descriptions of emotion in the literature (including fiction). It is this latter approach that has been used in this paper.
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10.
  • Czarniawska, Barbara, 1948-, et al. (författare)
  • Robotization - Then and Now
  • 2018
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Karel Čapek, the Czech author, coined the term “robot” (from “robota”, labor in Slavic languages; “robotnik” means “worker”) in 1920. In his play, R.U.R. - Rossum Universal Robots, artificial humans made of synthetic organic materials were produced and worked in factories and developed lives not very different from those of the people. R.U.R. became a science fiction classic between the wars, and its topics were taken up with great enthusiasm in the 1950s and 1960s. The Cold War found its expression in space competition, among others. Cybernetics and cyborgs seemed to be an inescapable future, initially in space travel, but then in other kinds of industrial production. Already in 1942 Isaac Asimov had formulated his Three Laws of Robotics, meant to constrain humanoid machines to their subordinate place with relation to humans. It was fiction, but has been taken very seriously by AI researchers and others ever since. When the Iron Curtain fell, space travel lost its attractions, but robots entered production processes in many industries. The end of the 1970s had seen the latest of recurring debates about automation, technological unemployment and deskilling, triggered by Braverman’s book (1974), but it had faded out in the 1980s. Now the debate is back. “Robots could take half of the jobs in Germany” is a typical newspaper’s title nowadays. Serious authors write either enthusiastic or dystopic books about robotization (John Searle has recently critically reviewed two from 2014, Floridi’s enthusiastic The Fourth Revolution and Bostrom’s dystopic Superintelligence, protesting that computers will never develop a consciousness). Apparently, we are witnessing a “robot revolution” – or so such serious sources as BofA Merill Lynch investigators claim. In what follows, we first analyze the fears and hopes automation has occasioned, as reflected in popular culture from the coining of the term “robot” to the present media hype. Have such hopes and fears changed, and did the changes reflect actual changes in robotics, or do they remain the same?
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