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  • Boholm, Max, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Risk Identification: A Corpus‐Assisted Study of Websites of Government Agencies
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Risks, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy. - 1944-4079.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Government agencies have a key role in the regulation, management, and communication of risk. This paper explores how seven Swedish government agencies in the policy fields of (i) chemicals, (ii) civil contingencies, (iii) energy, (iv) environmental protection, (v) food, (vi) housing and buildings, and (vii) traffic identify risks on their websites. The relational theory of risk is used as an analytical tool to unpack risk identification. An analytical distinction is made between “risk objects,” that is, potentially harmful objects, and “objects at risk,” that is values at stake. The articulation of risk objects and objects at risk on government agencies’ websites is explored by using corpus linguistic techniques that reveal lexical and grammatical patterns of the word “risk.” The agencies identify an extensive assembly of risk objects of various kinds. The sets of risks identified are rather idiosyncratic and there is limited overlap between agencies. The identification of objects at risk is less varied and idiosyncratic than the identification of risk objects, were the agencies appear to be more in agreement. The findings are discussed in relation to the scope of risk identification; institutional explanations, and in terms of conditions for inter‐agency collaboration, identified as a key feature of effective risk governance.
  • Rovio-Johansson, Airi, 1939- (författare)
  • Reinvestigating the theory and practice gap in Participatory Educational Research
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: International Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies. - 2046-8253. ; 9:1, s. 1-10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose/aim - The aim of this paper is to open a reinvestigation of the theory and practice gap and its consequences for teachers’ participation in research into their own practice. Further, to explore if the gap is partly an artefact of the underlying epistemology made visible in the institutional practices of education and teacher training and in participatory educational research. Accordingly, the overarching purpose is to gain deeper understanding of classroom teaching as participatory educational research. Design/methodology/approach - By revealing contrasting features of different theoretical frameworks applied in case studies, the paper contributes to the illumination of how to bridge the gap between theory and practice and reveals how some of the case studies accomplish research with teachers and research on teachers in varying degrees in research processes. Findings - Teachers’ roles in case studies vary due to (a) the applied theoretical research approach and (b) due to different phases of the research process. Findings suggest that the theory and practice gap is complex and that classroom teaching is a multi-disciplinary activity related to a great number of contextual factors. The gap is possible to bridge in some of the steps in the research process. Findings from a meta-study of 45 lesson studies (Whitney, 2019) indicate that results from these studies were shared with few teachers and schools outside the local school context. Originality/value - The paper provides insights into participatory educational research from teachers’ perspectives and researchers’ varying perspectives.
  • Sayed, Zehra, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Neo-colonial dynamics in global professional service firms: a periphery perspective
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Culture and Organization. - 1475-9551.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article analyses neo-colonial dynamics at peripheral units of a Western global professional service firm. Drawing on postcolonial theory, an empirical study at global news agency Reuters’ subsidiaries in Mumbai and Bangalore shows how socio-ideological and technocratic control mechanisms allow subsidiary workers to elevate their status, while still cementing their role as dominated in the global hierarchy and silencing any resistance. Thus, on the one hand, it might appear that the global service firm provides periphery units the opportunity to become equals of core units, representing a ‘nurturing’ role achieved by instilling aspirational values and shaping imaginations. On the other hand, coercive and universalising routines such as performance assessments highlight the ambivalent nature of global firm initiatives to incorporate the periphery on an equal footing with core units, demonstrating the countervailing nature of contemporary power relations.
  • Sörum, Niklas, 1977- (författare)
  • Ethical consumption applications as failed market innovations: exploring consumer (non) acceptance of ‘quasi’ market devices
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cultural Economy. - 17530350 .- 17530369. ; 13:1, s. 91-113
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. In this paper, I conceptualise ethical consumption applications (ECAs) as market innovations inflected in processes of configuring market actors and market (re)framings. The introduction of ECAs through the work of civil society is not only about changing frames of market exchange, but also work in the register of making ‘good consumers’ and consumers as ‘agents of change’ and moralising markets. Thus, a more accurate concept for these devices is suggested: ‘quasi’ market devices. The main aim of this paper is to analyse how consumers attached to and resisted use of ECAs designed to assist in product choices and shape responsible everyday practices. Based on qualitative fieldwork in Sweden, the article applies a methodology grounded in Science and Technology-inspired market studies in combination with Consumer Culture Theory’s (CCT) interest in identity work and sense-making associated with technology consumption. Although available at the time of the empirical data collection period of the study, all three apps were off the market during the analytic work of this paper; a major argument for focusing on barriers to acceptance of the apps and trying to conceptualise how such non-acceptance can be understood.
  • Zapata Campos, María José, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • Urban commoning practices in the repair movement: Frontstaging the backstage
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Environment and planning A. - 0308-518X .- 1472-3409.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Citizen-led repair initiatives that collectively create urban commons, questioning the configuration of production, consumption, and discarding within neoliberal capitalism, have emerged in recent years. This paper builds on recent discussions of the openness of the commons by examining the role of repair in commoning. It is informed by the case of the Bike Kitchen in Göteborg, using in-depth interviews as well as ethnographic and visual observations to support the analysis. Through repair practices, commoning communities can reinvent, appropriate, and create urban commons by transforming private resources – bicycles – creating common, liminal, and porous spaces between state and market. This openness of the commons allows commoners to shift roles unproblematically, alternating between the commons, state, and market. We argue that commoners’ fluid identities become the vehicle by which urban commoning practices expands beyond the commons space. This fluidity and openness also fuels the broad recruitment of participants driven by diverse and entangled rationales. Beyond the porosity of spatial arrangements, we illustrate how the dramaturgic representation of space, through simultaneous frontstaging and backstaging practices, also prevents its enclosure and allows the creation of openings through which urban commoning practices are accessed by newcomers. Finally, we call into question strict definitions of ‘commoner’ and the commoning/repair movement as limited to those who are politically engaged in opposing the enclosure of the commons. Rather, commoners become political through action, so intentionality is less relevant to prompting social change than is suggested in the literature.
  • Aijmer, Göran, 1936- (författare)
  • Rice and Death in Southern China and the Shan States: Transforms in Iconic Grammar
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. - 1356-1863. ; 29:2, s. 319-343
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This essay in historical anthropology juxtaposes some rice rituals in southern China with their counterparts in the Shan States of Upper Burma. The approach is one of symbological analysis of iconic codes, and it is suggested here that the two sets of rituals, superficially different, may be seen as morphological transforms of a common cultural semantic pattern. This understanding has a bearing on further explorations of the formation of the wider Southeast Asian field.
  • Amacker, Ariana, 1980- (författare)
  • Surrendering to The Now. Improvisation and an embodied approach to serendipity
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Design Journal. - 1460-6925. ; 22, s. 1841-1851
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper I want to call attention to an embodied perspective and the ability to practice serendipity. I draw on Classical Pragmatist philosophy to offer insights for understanding serendipity in immediate experience and its significance for inquiry. In particular, John Dewey's view of aesthetic experience offers a starting point for developing an articulation of the embodied relation to inquiry from an artistic approach. Dewey proposed that being deeply engaged in inquiry requires not only acting in controlled ways upon the world but also undergoing or surrendering to experience. I use his view of surrender to characterize a receptive yet active state of awareness open to stimuli and the imaginative sensing of possibilities, new perceptions, and new meanings. To illustrate the subject, I draw on my training with movement improvisation and the approach of Surrendering to The Now.
  • Arman, Rebecka, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Alone at work: Isolation, competition and co-dependency in flexibilised retail
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Economic and Industrial Democracy. - 0143-831X.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous studies of flexibilisation through employer-controlled flexible scheduling and off-site isolated work have shown how such practices have detrimental effects on workers' wellbeing. This qualitative study, set in Swedish retail, adds to previous findings by showing how flexible scheduling practices that include irregular variation of work hours and headcount have consequences also for worker interaction in the workplace. Even on-site work can be experienced as isolating if workers are 'spread too thin' in efforts to reduce labour costs. Set in two different retail settings, the study demonstrates and discusses how inter-employee competition and co-dependency are created, respectively. The authors also discuss how the flexibilisation described in this study reduced possibilities for face-to-face meetings and communication between co-workers, between workers and managers, and between workers and union representatives. Finally, it is discussed how the kind of flexibilisation described in this study coincides with defeatism and barriers to collective voice as well as action.
  • Boholm, Max, 1982- (författare)
  • How do Swedish Government agencies define risk?
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Risk Research. - 1366-9877. ; 22:6, s. 717-734
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study is guided by two research questions: first, how is the word risk defined by Swedish Government agencies and, second, do these agencies use the word risk consistently with how it is defined? These questions are answered by first selecting relevant agencies and then systematically searching for definitions of risk on these agencies’ websites. The study demonstrates that risk is defined in 14 ways, many of which vaguely express the idea that risk is the probability of an unwanted event multiplied by some measure of its consequences. The study also demonstrates that agencies often define risk in ways that are inconsistent with how they use the term (i.e. over and above how it is defined). The findings are discussed in light of normative desiderata for effective risk communication and risk management. The paper concludes with six recommendations for improving definitions of risk used by public agencies.
  • Boholm, Max, 1982- (författare)
  • Risk and Quantification: A Linguistic Study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Risk Analysis. - 0272-4332 .- 15396924. ; 39:6, s. 1243-1261
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In risk analysis and research, the concept of risk is often understood quantitatively. For example, risk is commonly defined as the probability of an unwanted event or as its probability multiplied by its consequences. This article addresses (1) to what extent and (2) how the noun risk is actually used quantitatively. Uses of the noun risk are analyzed in four linguistic corpora, both Swedish and English (mostly American English). In total, over 16,000 uses of the noun risk are studied in 14 random (n = 500) or complete samples (where n ranges from 173 to 5,144) of, for example, news and magazine articles, fiction, and websites of government agencies. In contrast to the widespread definition of risk as a quantity, a main finding is that the noun risk is mostly used nonquantitatively. Furthermore, when used quantitatively, the quantification is seldom numerical, instead relying on less precise expressions of quantification, such as high risk and increased risk. The relatively low frequency of quantification in a wide range of language material suggests a quantification bias in many areas of risk theory, that is, overestimation of the importance of quantification in defining the concept of risk. The findings are also discussed in relation to fuzzy-trace theory. Findings of this study confirm, as suggested by fuzzy-trace theory, that vague representations are prominent in quantification of risk. The application of the terminology of fuzzy-trace theory for explaining the patterns of language use are discussed.
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